Essential Car Insurance Coverage and Recommendations

Your insurance car policy must cover the following:

  • Liability coverage
  • Medical payments coverage
  • Uninsured motorist coverage
  • Underinsured motorist coverage

Let’s talk about this one by one. 

Liability coverage

Liability coverage protects you in case you cause harm to someone while operating your car. This coverage is beneficial to you.


Who does it cover?

Your insurance coverage applies when you are driving your car. However, it also extends to anyone driving your car since the coverage follows the vehicle.

Your spouse, parents, kids, and other family members might be driving your car and could be involved in an accident, causing harm to someone. In such cases, the liability coverage will be there to protect them as well.

Insurance coverage

How much coverage do you need?

We strongly recommend having a minimum of $100,000 per person and $300,000 per occurrence in liability coverage.

We feel that way very strongly because if you hurt someone and their injuries are worth more than your coverage, they can come after your personal assets. You don’t want that, so you must have enough coverage to protect yourself fully.

Medical payments coverage

Medical payments coverage is the type of coverage that pays for medical expenses incurred by anyone as a result of using an automobile. It covers anyone using or inside that automobile. However, it does not protect someone in another car that you may collide with, or that collides with you.


Who does it cover?

It’s important to note that it’s not just the vehicle’s driver or owner who benefits from this coverage. Any passenger in your car who incurs medical expenses due to the vehicle’s operation can access the medical payments coverage.

How much should you have?

We strongly recommend having at least $25,000 worth of medical payments coverage. This is because if someone is injured and incurs medical expenses resulting from an automobile accident, it is highly likely that their medical expenses will approach or exceed $25,000.

Now, there is one caveat or exception to consider regarding medical payments coverage.

If you have health insurance coverage through your workplace, you may choose not to pay the extra premium for medical payments coverage. This is because that coverage is optional and comes with an additional premium charge.

However, if you have health insurance that would otherwise cover your medical expenses from an automobile wreck, you may still want to consider getting medical payment coverage. This is to ensure that others in your vehicle who may not have such healthcare coverage are protected.

Uninsured motorist coverage

Uninsured motorist coverage is a mandatory requirement if you have an insurance policy with liability coverage. Having liability coverage automatically necessitates having uninsured motorist coverage as well.


Why is uninsured motorist coverage important?

Uninsured motorist coverage holds significant importance because it provides protection if you are hit and injured by a driver who does not have insurance. In such cases, your uninsured motorist coverage will safeguard you.

To put it simply, if an uninsured individual injures you, your uninsured motorist coverage will come into play and provide the necessary protection when you experience injuries.

Uninsured motorist coverage is required if you have an insurance policy and liability coverage; if you have liability coverage, you must have uninsured motorist coverage.

Underinsured motorist coverage

Underinsured motorist coverage protects you if someone driving a car hits you and causes you to incur medical expenses and other damages that exceed their insurance coverage.



To illustrate, let’s consider the example of West Virginia, where individuals must have minimum insurance limits of $25,000 per person and $50,000 per occurrence.

Suppose another person with $25,000 coverage hits you, resulting in injuries that lead to medical bills amounting to $100,000. In this scenario, how will the other person pay the remaining $75,000 difference when their insurance coverage is only $25,000?

The solution lies in your underinsured motorist coverage. This coverage acknowledges that the other person involved is underinsured. By acquiring underinsurance coverage, you can protect yourself in an accident caused by an underinsured individual.

How much underinsured motorist coverage should you have?

We strongly recommend obtaining $100,000 per person and $300,000 per occurrence coverage for underinsurance.

We hope you find this information useful.

Author Bio

Tim Miley is the Founder of Miley Legal Accident Injury Lawyers, a West Virginia personal injury law firm he formed in 2006. With more than 30 years of experience in personal injury law, he is dedicated to representing clients in a wide range of personal injury cases, including car accidents, trucking accidents, motorcycle accidents, brain injuries, wrongful death, and other personal injury matters.

Tim received his Juris Doctor from Duquesne University and is a member of the West Virginia State Bar and the Harrison County Bar Association. He has helped his clients win more than $10 million in personal injury verdicts and settlements and has further served the people of West Virginia by filling legislative roles in the state’s government since 2004.

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